Bookmark and Share

All about Earthquakes for Kids

What is an Earthquake?


Earthquakes are the shaking of the earth’s shell. It is the result of a sudden release of energy in the Earth’s crust that creates waves that travel through the Earth.


The Earth's surface is made up of a series of large plates (like pieces of a giant jigsaw puzzle) these plates are called tectonic plates. The tectonic plates are in constant motion travelling at a few centimetres per year. When these plates move against each other, they cause activity such as earthquakes, volcanoes, and mountain building!!


Earthquakes are measured by something called a Richter scale (a scale from 1 to 10 used to measure the strength of earthquakes, the higher number the stronger tremors.) Earthquakes can be felt over large areas although they usually last less than one minute!


Most earthquakes are just too small to be felt.


Did You Know?


That the shaking in earthquakes can also trigger landslides and occasionally volcanic activity!


When a large earthquake epicentre (point where an earthquake starts) is located off land, the seabed sometimes suffers enough displacement to cause a tsunami!


Countries which are badly affected by earthquakes include Japan, the Philippines, India, Nepal, Afghanistan, the Islamic Republic of Iran and the Pacific Islands, California's North Coast and San Francisco.


The Philippines, which lies between two of the world’s most active tectonic plates, experiences an average of five earthquakes per day, most of which are hardly noticeable!


In California, to help people know what to do it an earthquake they have to practice duck, cover, and hold drills, children and adults alike have to do this, do you want to try?


When an earthquake starts you need to DUCK down on the floor.

Take COVER under a sturdy desk, table or other furniture. If that is not possible, seek cover against an interior wall and protect your head and neck with your arms.

HOLD on to it and be prepared to move with it. Hold the position until the ground stops shaking and it is safe to move.


Did you try it? If you practice something a lot then when the time comes you’ll remember exactly what to do and will not panic.


Words to Remember...


Aftershock: a small earthquake, usually one of several, that follows a larger one.

Earth’s crust
outermost layer of Earth, the crust is solid and relatively thin, and it lies below both landmasses and oceans.


Earthquake magnitude: a measure of the energy of an earthquake.


Richter scale: scale for measuring earthquakes.

: an instance of shaking or moving back and forth very rapidly.


Read more about
Earthquakes here. 


This is an original news article © The Kids Window

The Kids Pages

  • Acid Rain
  • Ancient Greece
  • Ancient Greek Gods
  • Animal Camouflage
  • Animals in War
  • Animals: Endangered Animals
  • Animals: Extinct Animals
  • Animals: Horses
  • Animals: Mammals
  • Animals: Pets
  • Bathtime Games
  • Batman
  • Brains
  • Cartoon Characters
  • Child Actors
  • Child Singing Stars
  • Clothing around the World
  • Colours
  • Cooking: Mardi Gras Food
  • Cowboys
  • DC Comics
  • Different Homes
  • Dinosaurs for Kids
  • Disney Princess News
  • Dragons
  • Early Weapons
  • Earthquakes
  • Egyptian Mummies
  • Food Around the World
  • Fun Facts About England
  • Fun Facts About India
  • Fun Facts on the USA
  • Fun Random Facts
  • Girls v Boys
  • Global Warming
  • Great Fire of London
  • Gymnastics
  • Hannah Montana
  • Harry Houdini
  • History of Cars
  • History of Fairies
  • History of Pirates
  • History of Telephones
  • History of the Computer
  • History of the Internet
  • Horse Riding
  • How to Create Crafts from Pasta
  • How to Make a Hand Puppet
  • How to Make a Tin Can Phone
  • How to Make Papier Mache
  • How To Make Perfume
  • How to Make Play Clay
  • How to Make Silly Putty
  • Jewellery
  • Kids Area Homepage
  • Kids in the War
  • Magic Tricks for Children
  • Manners
  • Measuring Time
  • Memory Tricks
  • Mermaids
  • Modes of Transport
  • Money
  • Motor Racing
  • Mythological Creatures
  • Nature's Body Protection
  • Ocean Life
  • Olympic Games
  • Origins of Football
  • People: Albert Einstein
  • People: Arnold Schwarzenegger
  • People: Elvis

    The Kids Pages

  • People: King Henry VIII
  • People: Leonardo da Vinci
  • People: Martin Luther King
  • People: Mozart
  • People: President Obama
  • People: The Beatles
  • People: Walt Disney
  • People: William Shakespeare
  • Pirates
  • Quiz: Animal Kingdom
  • Quiz: Children's Books 1
  • Quiz: Children's Books 2
  • Quiz: Disney
  • Quiz: Inventions
  • Quiz: Oceans
  • Quiz: Premiership Football
  • Racing Cars
  • Rainforest Animals
  • Real Knights
  • Recipes - How to Bake Chocolate Brownies
  • Recipes - How to Make Fun Fake Food
  • Recipes - How to Make Gingerbread Men
  • Recipes - How to Make Ice Cream
  • Recipes - How to Make Pizza
  • Recipes - How to Make Some Simple Foods
  • Recipes for Kids
  • Recycling Tips for Kids
  • Riddles for Kids
  • Rodents
  • Skyscrapers
  • Snowmen
  • Space Exploration
  • Space Quiz
  • Space: Man on the Moon
  • Strange Allergies
  • Strange Phobias
  • Street Games
  • Superman
  • Superstitions
  • The Great Plague
  • The Titanic
  • Top Family Films
  • Tornadoes
  • TV: Glee and Glee Clubs
  • TV: History of Television
  • TV: The Simpsons
  • Unicorns
  • Valentines Day
  • Vegetarians
  • Volcanoes
  • Wacky Inventions
  • Water Animals
  • Weather
  • What would happen if...
  • Why Animals Need Our Help
  • Why Brush Your Teeth?
  • Why Eat Your Veggies?
  • Why Kids Need Sleep
  • Why Wash Your Hands?
  • Witches
  • Wizards
  • Wonders of the World
  • Words and Language
  • Homework Help Pages

    The Kids Pages

    Products available to buy at the Kids Window